A computer chip.

TMSC’s 3nm Update: N3P and N3X on the Road with Density and Performance Gains

TSMC disclosure Vital roadmap updates for the N3 (3 nanometer class) household of course of applied sciences this week on the 2023 North American Expertise Symposium. The N3, TSMC’s final high-performance node primarily based on FinFET transistors, will final for a few years and can embody a number of variations, together with the N3P, a performance-enhancing optical discount from N3E, and the performance-oriented N3X for HPC purposes that tolerate excessive leakage and energy. .

Mass manufacturing on TSMC’s N3 (also referred to as N3B) course of expertise is already underway, however this node makes use of as much as 25 layers of maximum ultraviolet lithography and might even use EUV twin modelling, making it a very costly node to make use of. In consequence, TSMC expects nearly all of its prospects to make use of the N3E, which may use EUV as much as 19 layers, doesn’t use twin modeling EUV, has a wider processing window and higher throughput. The N3E, which will likely be used for high-volume manufacturing within the second half of 2023, may even kind the premise of TSMC’s subsequent evolution of 3nm.


(Picture credit score: TSMC)

Step one on this evolution will likely be N3P. This expertise will largely be optical miniaturization of the N3E which is able to embody 5% efficiency achieve on the similar leak, 5% to 10% energy discount on the similar hours, and another enhancements that present 4% increased transistor density. Hybrid chip consisting of fifty% logic, 30% SRAM and 20% analog circuits.

N3P, the N3E’s optical reducer, permits chip designers to reuse N3E IP within the new node, preserving the design guidelines. That is fairly vital as IP design corporations equivalent to Ansys, Cadence and Synopsys have already got numerous IPs focusing on N3E chips. In the meantime, optical shrinkage means density enhancements for every type of transistors and circuits, together with SRAM, a sort of circuit that has struggled with shrinkage in recent times (which is a foul factor, particularly for contemporary SRAM-intensive designs). The N3P will likely be prepared for mass manufacturing in 2024.


(Picture credit score: TSMC)

Following the N3P, TSMC plans to additional develop the N3 household and department out into high-performance computing purposes equivalent to CPUs and GPUs with the N3X. This manufacturing course of is envisioned to ship at the very least 5% increased frequencies in comparison with N3P whereas additionally permitting for considerably increased voltages, which is able to additional improve clocks on the expense of upper total leakage.

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Row 0 – Cell 0 N3X and N3P N3P and N3E N5 vs N3E N3 and N5
Identical Energy Velocity ​​Enchancment +5% Fmax @ 1.2V +5% +18% +10% ~ 15%
Identical Velocity ​​Energy Discount ? -5% ~ -10% -32% -25% ~ -30%
Logic Density Identical 1.04x 1.7x 1.6x
HVM Initialization 2025 H2 2024 Q2/Q3 2023 H2 2022

#TMSCs #3nm #Replace #N3P #N3X #Street #Density #Efficiency #Good points

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